Tuesday, October 18, 2016

Facts about the History of U.S. Elections and their Aftermaths

Elections belong to the people. It's their decision. If they decide to turn their back on the fire and burn their behinds, then they will just have to sit on their blisters. - Abraham Lincoln

The worst campaign slogan in history belongs to Al Smith, who was against prohibition. To show his support for the creation, distribution, and sale of alcohol, he advertised: “Vote for Al Smith and he’ll make your wet dreams come true.”

Al Smith
The only "clean" election in American history was most likely the first one in 1789, when George Washington ran unopposed. Even then, Alexander Hamilton was trying to pilfer votes away from the potential vice president, John Adams.

John Adams

It wasn’t until 1856 that Congress removed property ownership as a requirement to vote in elections.
U.S. Presidents choose which Bible or books they want to use on inauguration day. President Obama chose two Bibles: the Lincoln Bible, and to rest underneath it, Martin Luther King Jr.’s Bible.

Barack Obama

The Lincoln Bible

During the 1872 election, presidential incumbent Ulysses S. Grant ran against a corpse. His opponent, Horace Greeley, died before the election was finalized. Grant won the election.

Ulysses S. Grant

In 1870, Congress passed the 15th Amendment, which granted the right to vote to African- Americans and other nonwhite men. However, an African-American’s right to vote was often denied in the South and parts of the North until the 1960's.
In 1872, Susan B. Anthony was arrested for attempting to vote in the presidential election. At the same time, Sojourner Truth, a former slave and advocate for justice demanded a ballot in Michigan, but she was turned away. American women of all races finally won the right to vote in 1920.

Susan B. Anthony

Sojourner Truth

Congress gave Native Americans the right to vote in presidential elections in 1924; however, some states banned them from voting until the 1940's.
George Washington is the only U.S. president in history to win 100% of the Electoral College vote. This is mainly because organized parties weren’t yet formed, and he ran unopposed.

George Washington

Actress Roseanne Barr once attempted to run for president and got as far as filing with the Federal Election Commission under the “Green Tea Party Ticket.”

Roseanne Barr

George Washington spent his entire campaign budget on 160 gallons of liquor to serve to potential voters.
The Constitution does not state when Election Day should be, which meant that in the early 1800's, people could vote from April to December.
In 1845, Congress decided that voting day would be the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November, which was after the fall harvest and before winter conditions made travel too difficult.
Andrew Jackson’s inauguration party was so wild that Jackson sneeked out of the White House and spent the night at a hotel. Finally, servants dragged tubs of punch out on the lawn to lure out the crowds.

Andrew Jackson

Norman Thomas of the Socialist Party ran for president more times than anyone in history. He ran for 6 times but was never elected.

Eugene V. Debs
George Washington was reluctant to become president and noted to his future secretary of war, Henry Knox, that becoming president felt like he was going to “the place of his execution".
Jehovah Witnesses don’t vote in presidential elections.
During the 1776 presidential campaign, Thomas Jefferson secretly hired a writer named James Callender to attack his opponent, John Adams, in print. Callender called Adams a “hermaphroditical character” who neither had the “force of a man” or the “gentleness of a woman.” Callender was later jailed for insurrection.

Thomas Jefferson
Democrats use a donkey as their party symbol thanks to Andrew Jackson. When his critics called him a “jackass” because of his populist views, he embraced the image, even using it alongside his slogan, “Let the people rule.”

Until 1937, presidents weren’t sworn in until March 4 because it took so long to count and report ballots. In light of better technology, the 20th amendment moved inauguration day to noon on January 20th.
John Adams complained that the only reason George Washington was “chosen for everything,” including president, was because “he was taller than anyone else in the room.”
In 1968, President Nixon wanted a running mate who wouldn’t compete with him, so he picked an unknown politician named Spirow Agnew. When a reporter asked people about Spirow Agnew, one person asked, “Is that a disease?” Another person suggested he was a type of an egg.

Spirow Agnew

When Democrat Stephen A. Douglas called Abraham Lincoln “two-faced” during an election year, Lincoln replied, “If I had another face, do you think I would wear this one?”

Stephen A. Douglas
The first election to use a voting machine was in 1892. Though it was actually invented earlier, candidates initially opposed the idea because it eliminated the wheeling and dealing for votes over the phone.
During the 1920 presidential election, a candidate from a third party, Eugene V. Debs, ran his presidential campaign from prison. He was in jail for opposing World War I.  He ultimately won 3% of the popular vote.
George Washington gave the shortest inauguration speech at 135 words. William Henry Harrison’s was the longest, at 8,445 words. He spoke for over two hours in a heavy snowstorm, which made him catch a cold and ultimately die from pneumonia one month later.
American astronauts on the International Space Station can vote in elections from orbit by secure email.
The United States is ranked 139th out of 172 countries in voter participation.
The Anti-Masonic party is known as the first “third party “ in the United States. They held the first national convention in 1832 in a saloon.
Before the 1804, the presidential candidate who received the second highest electoral votes became vice-president.
The oldest presidential candidate to be elected is Ronald Reagan at 69 years old. The youngest is John F. Kennedy at age 34.

Ronald Reagan

John F. Kennedy

The tallest U.S. President was Abraham Lincoln (5 feet, 4 inches). The shortest U.S. president was James Madison (5 feet, 4 inches).

Abraham Lincoln

James Madison

In the 1984 presidential election, Ronald Reagan received both the highest number of popular votes and the highest number of electoral votes in the history of U.S. presidential elections. These numbers have yet to be surpassed by another presidential candidate.
Grover Cleveland is the only candidate ever to be elected to one term, defeated for a second term, and then elected again four years later. Thus, he became both the 22nd president and the 24th president.

John Quincy Adams is the only president to have lost both the popular vote and electoral vote and still become president.

John Quincy Adams
The ultimate “whoops” moment in a U.S. presidential election happened when the Chicago Daily Tribune mistakenly declared that Dewey beat  Harry Truman in 1946.

The 1800 election year was so heated that vice president Aaron Burr ended up killing Alexander Hamilton in a duel.

Aaron Burr

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton' Gravestone, Trinity Church, New York City

The first U.S. presidential election was in 1789. Only white men who owned property could vote, a stipulation that prohibited 94% of the population from casting a ballot.
The word “election” is from the Latin eligere, which means, “to pick out, select” and is related to the world “lecture".
It is illegal to drink alcohol in Kentucky and South Carolina on election day. But, unless you were drunk, how would anyone ever know?
Few other parts of the Constitution have been so criticized as the Electoral College because it can deny the will of the people. And, it has in four elections.
During the John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson election year, American politics sounds more like bathroom graffiti than political commentary.  For example, Jackson called John Quincy a pimp, and Quincy called Jackson's wife a slut and his mother a prostitute.
A U.S. presidential candidate is required to be at least 35 years old, a permanent US resident for at least 14 years and considered a natural US born citizen.
George Washington argued that a presidential candidate should not appear too eager to win the presidency or actively seek it. Rather, he said "The office should seek the man." He considered active campaigning undignified, even vulgar.
Barack Obama was the 17th president to be elected to at least two terms. Thirteen previous presidents were elected and served at least two terms. Three additional presidents were elected to two terms, but did not complete the second term due to assignations and a resignation. They were Abraham Lincoln (assassinated), William McKinley (assassinated) and Richard Nixon (resigned).
The first woman to run for U.S. President was Victoria Woodhull in 1872, nearly 50 years before the 19th Amendment allowed women to vote in presidential elections. Her running mate, Frederick Douglass, was the first African-American ever nominated for Vice President.

Victoria Woodhull

Fredrick Douglass

Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president an astonishing four terms before the 22nd Amendment set term limits.

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Over 200 women have run for President of the United States; however, this list includes nominees of many minor parties and candidates who ran for president before women won the right to vote in 1920.

Sunday, October 16, 2016

Donald Trump Assails His Accusers as Liars and Unattractive

An Angry Donald Trump
Donald J. Trump wielded his presidential candidacy on Friday as a weapon for savaging detractors and venting personal grievances, attacking the women who have accused him of sexual assault and unwelcome advances and railing against what he described as a vast conspiracy against him by the news media and Hillary Clinton’s campaign.

With a campaign speech in North Carolina that whirled from one target to the next, Mr. Trump accelerated his shift away from courting swing voters or delivering a message aimed at the political mainstream.

Instead, after weeks on the defensive, battered by disclosures about his treatment of women and about his business dealings, Mr. Trump appeared increasingly consumed with the idea that he has been wronged and bent on convincing his fans that sinister forces are to blame for his political decline.

Mr. Trump told the restive crowd that his advisers wanted him to focus on his core economic message, but that he had no intention of allowing his critics to go unanswered. “My people always say: ‘Oh, don’t talk about it. Talk about jobs. Talk about the economy,’” Mr. Trump said. But I feel I have to talk about them, because you have to dispute when somebody says something,” he added of the allegations against him. “Fortunately, we have the microphone. We’re able to dispute; some people can’t.”

Even as two more women came forward on Friday to say he had groped them, Mr. Trump dismissed the mounting accusations as “total fiction” and “lies, lies, lies.” He assailed the motives of the women speaking out against him, and seemed to mock two of them as not attractive enough to draw his interest. “Believe me, she would not be my first choice,” Mr. Trump said of Jessica Leeds, who said Mr. Trump groped her on an airplane in the 1980s. He referred to Ms. Leeds, now 74, as “that horrible woman.  He was similarly dismissive of Natasha Stoynoff, a former writer for People magazine, who accused Mr. Trump of physically accosting her during an interview. “Check out her Facebook page, you’ll understand,” he said.

Mr. Trump also ridiculed his opponent in the presidential race, Mrs. Clinton, for saying that he had crowded her physically during their last debate, and he seemed to offer an insult about her physique. When Mrs. Clinton walked in front of him, he told a crowd in Greensboro, N.C., “Believe me, I wasn’t impressed.” And as he blasted the women who have made allegations against him as fabricators, Mr. Trump suggested that perhaps someone should make similar claims against President Obama next. “Why doesn’t some woman, maybe, come up and say what they say falsely about me — they could say it about him,” Mr. Trump said.

Though Mr. Trump has said he will provide information to refute his accusers’ stories wholesale, he offered no such evidence in North Carolina. He has also loudly threatened to sue multiple publications for printing the stories of his accusers, but as of Friday evening no such suit had been filed.

Mr. Trump made only passing reference to the newest accusations against him. In an interview with The Washington Post, a woman named Kristin Anderson said Mr. Trump had slipped his hand beneath her skirt and grabbed her genitals at a Manhattan nightclub in the early 1990s.

Mr. Trump’s spokeswoman denied the account, and Mr. Trump said in his speech that certain details were implausible because he rarely sits alone at nightclubs. But,  The Washington Post did not say Ms. Anderson had described Mr. Trump as being alone.

A second woman, Summer Zervos, a Republican and a former contestant on The Apprentice, said at a news conference in Los Angeles that Mr. Trump had tried to seduce her over dinner at a hotel in 2007, grabbing her breasts and thrusting his pelvis into her body. Ms. Zervos, 41, appeared alongside Gloria Allred, the celebrity litigator and a Democrat who was a delegate for Mrs. Clinton.

Mr. Trump denied in a statement several hours later that he ever had a meeting with Ms. Zervos at a hotel or “greeted her inappropriately.” He again attacked the media and said he would “take my message directly to the American people.”

The claims against Mr. Trump have gained a momentum of their own since the revelation on Oct. 7 of a recording in which he boasted to a television host about sexually assaulting women. That tape led to the direct questioning of Mr. Trump, at Sunday’s debate, about whether he had ever actually done the things he described. Mr. Trump’s denial prompted Ms. Leeds to come forward in an interview with The New York Times; Ms. Anderson said Ms. Leeds had inspired her to tell her story. After learning of Ms. Leeds’s story, Ms. Anderson told The Post, she decided: “Let me just back these girls up.”

By lashing out in multiple directions and presenting himself as the target of a corrupt plot, Mr. Trump may deepen his emotional bond with voters who have turned to him as a kind of political wrecking ball aimed at Washington. But it is an unlikely strategy for improving his standing with the majority of voters who say in polls that he is ill-suited to the presidency and biased against women and minorities.

Democrats have called the charges women have made against Mr. Trump disqualifying. On Thursday in New Hampshire, Michelle Obama said she had been shaken by Mr. Trump’s cavalier bragging about assault.

Cecile Richards, the president of Planned Parenthood and a prominent Clinton supporter, predicted women would revolt against Mr. Trump’s remarks in North Carolina. “If they weren’t already convinced, today proved to Americans that Donald Trump is an abusive and vindictive monster,” Ms. Richards said. “With every ugly and violent insult that comes out of his mouth, Trump loses a vote, and our country gains a feminist.”

Leading Republicans have already pulled back from his campaign, and new signs of distance emerged on Friday between Mr. Trump and the party he nominally leads.Bottom of Form Senator Patrick J. Toomey of Pennsylvania, who is seeking re-election, released a television commercial saying he has “a lot of disagreements” with Mr. Trump. And in a closely fought congressional race in central New York, the National Republican Congressional Committee has an ad vowing that its candidate, Claudia Tenney, will “stand up to Hillary Clinton” implying that Mrs. Clinton will be the next president.

Paul D. Ryan, the speaker of the House, who announced this week that he would no longer defend Mr. Trump, ignored him entirely in a speech to college Republicans in Wisconsin. Mr. Ryan criticized Mrs. Clinton and Democratic policies, but made no case for his own party’s nominee. Mr. Trump, who has savaged Mr. Ryan repeatedly this week, declined to revisit their conflict on Friday afternoon.

But Mr. Trump escalated his war on the news media, and unveiled a theory that The New York Times was attacking him at the behest of a Mexican billionaire, Carlos Slim, who is the largest individual holder of New York Times Company common shares. Reporters for the newspaper, Mr. Trump said, should be seen as “corporate lobbyists for Carlos Slim and Hillary Clinton.” “No media is more corrupt than the failing New York Times,” he said.

Mr. Trump’s bitter attacks on the news media, and Mr. Slim in particular, seem to echo the precise language used by two of his advisers, Stephen K. Bannon and Roger Stone, who have long cast Mr. Slim as an ominous presence in the American news media. In a statement, Arthur Sulzberger Jr., publisher of The Times, said Mr. Slim had no involvement in the paper’s news coverage. “Carlos Slim is an excellent shareholder who fully respects boundaries regarding the independence of our journalism,” Mr. Sulzberger said. “He has never sought to influence what we report.”

Mr. Trump has spoken in ever more apocalyptic tones in recent days as his poll numbers have fallen: describing Mrs. Clinton as deserving incarceration; warning that the election will be rigged; and suggesting that international bankers are colluding to bring about his defeat.

On Friday, Oct. 14, he repeated his pledge to prosecute Mrs. Clinton and encouraged his crowd in chants of “Lock her up.” “For what she’s done,” he said, “they should lock her up.”


Nick Corasaniti reported from Greensboro, North.Carolina and Alexander Burns from New York City. Alan Rappeport contributed reporting from Washington, .D. C.

Monday, October 10, 2016

Searching for Images of Lucifer

I was looking for images of Lucifer for an article I was writing and  I laughed ot loud when I found one of them. See if you can find it.                                     (Hint: It is the last one.)