I dislike the term trivia. No knowledge is trivial. All information contributes to the whole of an intelligent human being. And, it is an essential part of critical thinking. That is why I did not call this a Trivia Quiz. Instead, I am calling it a Knowledge Quiz.
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Knowledge Quiz, No. 6
1. What land does France still possess that should be part of Canada?
2. Where did the music come from for the U.S. national anthem?
3. Whose flag has four irises on it?
4. What novel begins with the words, "Call me Ishmael"?
5. What is Shinto?
6. Who said, "Fish and relatives stink after three days"?
7. What was the Land of Nod?
8. Where is The Timex Museum?
9. What is kohl?
10. Who are the Inuit?
11. Where did the popular image of Santa Claus come from?
12. What is The Silk Road?
13. Where is The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame?
14. Who was Steppin Fetchit?
15. What is a parallelepiped?
16. What was the artist Andy Warhol's real name?
17. Why is it called The Oscar?
18. What physical peculiarity did Hitler have?
19. Who was the last Italian Pope?
20. What nation is between France and Spain?
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1. As a result of The French and Indian War (aka, The Seven Years' War; 1754- 1763) France lost its colony, New France, in what is now Canada to the English. But, France still possess two islands in Canadian territorial waters, St. Pierre and Miquelon. The islands form a collective parliamentary democracy and sent 1 representative to the French Chamber of Deputies. They are the only remnants of New France still under French control.
2. The Star Spangled Banner is the national anthem of the U. S. since the passage of a congressional resolution in 1931. The lyrics come from an 1814 poem written by Francis Scott Key entitled Defense of Fort McHenry. The music was written by Englishman John Stafford Smith. It was popular beer drinking song, To Anacreon in Heaven, and was written for London men's social club, The Anacreontic Society. In 2005, a government-sponsored program, the National Anthem Project poll indicated many adults knew neither the lyrics nor the history of the national anthem.
3. The flag of Quebec, Canada, has four white irises on it. The flag which also has a white cross on it is called the Fleurdelisé because in French the word for iris is fleur-de-lis It has been the official flag of Quebec since 1948. The white fleur-de-lis is a symbol of the purity of the Virgin Mary.
4.The 1851 novel, Moby Dick, by Herman Melville, starts with the words, "Call me Ishmael". The three words are one of the most famous opening lines in literature and indicate the symbolic nature of the book.
5. Shinto or kami-no-michi is the native religion of Japan. The word Shinto means "the way of the gods". The first recorded rituals of the religion date back to the 7th and 8th Centuries. There are about 119 million Shinto adherents in Japan today.
6. Benjamin Franklin said it in his publication Poor Richard's Almanack (1732-1757).
7. The Land of Nod is a place mention in the Biblical book of Genesis. It was located "east of Eden" and it was the place to which Cain fled after killing his brother Abel, supposedly the first murder. The word "nod" is the Hebrew root of the word "to wander". It is possibly meant to indicate that Cain became a nomad and wandered in the wilderness.
8. The Timex Museum is in Waterbury, Connecticut, USA. It contains a vast collection of old Timex clocks, wristwatches, novelty clocks, and old advertisements. It is situated in Waterbury because it was site of The Great American Clock Company which became Timex.
9. Kohl is an ancient eye cosmetic. I was used by the Ancient Egyptians as an eyeliner. It is still widely used in the Middle East, North Africa and South Asia today. It is most commonly used by women, but also used by some men and children. The recipe and content of kohl vary widely.
10. The Inuit are the indigenous people of the Arctic regions of Greenland, Canada and Russian Siberia. The word "Inuit" means “the people” in the Inuktitut language. An Inuit person is called an Inuk.
11.The modern image of Santa Claus as a jolly, fat white-bearded man wearing a red outfit with a bleak belt was created by Coca Cola for an advertisement in 1931. Prior to that, images of Santa Claus ranged from fat to thin, from being tall to being an elf, and wearing everything from a bishop's robe to a Norseman's animal skins.
12. The Silk Road were trade routes across the Asian continent connecting East and South Asia with Europe and Northeast Africa. It extended 4,000 miles (6,500 km). It has existed for nearly 3000 years and gets its name from the prized Chinese silk which was part of the commodity trading.
13. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is in Cleveland, Ohio, USA. it was started in 1995 and it houses a large collection of rock and roll memorabilia. From 2008 to 2010, there was an annex of The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in New York City.
14. Steppin Fetchit (1902 -1985) was the stage name of the American comedian and film actor Lincoln Theodore Monroe Andrew Perry. He created the Fetchit character and had a successful film career using it. He became the first black actor to become a millionaire and was the first black actor to receive a screen credit. However, he was forced to claim bankruptcy in 1947. The Steppin Fetchit character is viewed by many as re-enforcing negative stereotypes of African-Americans as ignorant and lazy. Perry's films are rarely seen in public today because of the controversial nature of the character he created.
15. A parallelepiped is three-dimensional parallelogram. A parallelogram is a quadrilateral with two pairs of parallel sides. The opposite or facing sides of a parallelogram are of equal length and the opposite angles of a parallelogram are of equal measure.
16. The real name of Andy Warhol (1928-1987) was Andrew Warhola. He was of Slovakian heritage, was born in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and died in New York City. He was famous a pop artist, a film-maker and commercial illustrator. He is also remember for his 1968 statement, "In the future, everyone will be famous for 15 minutes". The Andy Warhol Museum is in Pittsburg.
17. No one really knows why the name of the gold statuette awarded by the Acadamy of motion picture arts and Science is call The Oscar. Actress Bette Davis claimed that she named the Ocar after her first husband Herman Oscar Nelson. Also, the Academy's Executive Secretary in 1931, Margaret Herrick, said that the statuette looked like her "Uncle Oscar". Another story is that the secretary to motion picture executive Louis B. Mayer, Eleanor Lilleberg, said that it looked like King Oscar of Norway The only fact connected with the name is that it was officially name "Oscar" in 1939 by the motion picture Academy.
18. Hitler was missing one testicle. The Russian discovered that Hitler had only a left testicle when they examined his dead body. And, a soldier who served with him in World War I confirmed the fact.
19. It was Pope John Paul I. His real name was Albino Luciani (1912-1978) and he was Pope for only 33 days in I978. He died at the age of 65. His brief Papacy ended 455 years of Italian Popes. In all, there were 175 Italian and 5 Sicilian Popes.
20. The small landlocked nation of Andorra (The Principality of Andorra) is situated between France and Spain. It is 181 square miles and has a population of 83,000. The principality was formed in 1278 and it is a monarchy ruled by 2 "princes", The President of the French Republic and The Catholic Bishop of Ugell, Catalonia, Spain. The major source of income is tourism, but Andorra is also a tax haven. The people of Andorra have one of the highest life expectancy rates in the world.