I dislike the term trivia. No knowledge is trivial. All information contributes to the whole of an intelligent human being. And, it is an essential part of critical thinking. That is why I did not call this a Trivia Quiz. Instead, I am calling it a Knowledge Quiz.
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Knowledge Quiz, No. 21
The answers are at the bottom
1. Who was Solon?
2. Who wrote Peter Pan?
3. What do the abbreviations AM and FM stand for?
4. Where is Karl Marx buried?
5. What was the royal color of the Roman emperors?
6. Who was Garibaldi?
7. What is the capital of Brazil?
8. What is the Anthem of Europe?
9. What popular actress did baseball great Joe DiMaggio marry?
10. What is a mystery play?
11. Who painted the famous picture, Declaration of Independence ?
12. What future President of the U.S. was college roommate of novelist Nathaniel Hawthorn?
13. In what city is The Brandenburg Gate?
14. Who wrote the Brandenburg Concertos?
15. What incident started the gay pride movement?
16. Where were the first modern Olympic Games held?
17. In what ocean are the Maldives (Islands) located?
18. Who was Erté?
19. Where was the first parking meter?
20. Of what are the rings of Saturn composed?
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1. Solon (c. 638 BC – 558 BC) was an Ancient Greek Athenian statesman, lawgiver and poet. He is remembered for Solon's Code, his effort to legislate against political, economic and moral decline in Athens. Although his reforms failed in the short term, yet he is often credited with having laid the foundations for democracy. Knowledge of Solon is limited by the lack of documentary and archeological evidence of the early 6th century BC. His works only survive in fragments. Archaeology reveals glimpses of Solon's period in the form of fragmentary inscriptions but little else. For some scholars, knowledge of Solon and his times is largely based on insufficient evidence. What is known of him and his code is based on the writing of ancient authors such as Herodotus and Plutarch who wrote hundreds of years after Solons death.
2. Peter Pan was written by Scottish novelist and playwright J. M. Barrie (1860–1937). As a mischievous boy who can fly and refuses to grow up, Peter Pan spends his never-ending childhood adventuring on the small island of Neverland as the leader of his gang the Lost Boys and dealing with mermaids, Indians, fairies, and pirates. Peter Pan first appeared in a section of The Little White Bird, a 1902 novel written by Barrie for adults. Barrie wrote a stage version of what eventually became the familiar version on the story debuted on 27 December, 1904, under the title Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up. The play was then adapted and expanded by him and published in 1911 under the title Peter and Wendy. In later editions it was titled as Peter Pan and Wendy and still later just as Peter Pan.
3. Radio is the transmission of signals through space by the modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies. AM means amplitude modulation and is a low frequency. AM transmissions are affected by static and interference because lightning and other sources of radio emissions on the same frequency add their amplitudes to the original transmitted amplitude. FM means frequency modulation and broadcasts on a higher frequency than AM. FM sends music and voice with higher fidelity than AM radio. An FM signal is clearer sounding than AM and is not subject to static and interference in the same way as AM signals.
4. Karl Heinrich Marx (1818-1883) was a German philosopher, sociologist, historian, journalist, and socialist. He developed a political and social theory which became known as Marxism. He published various books during his lifetime, among them are The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Capital (1867-1894). Marx and his wife moved from Germany to London in 1847 and became "a stateless person". Shortly after his wife died in 1881, he developed a catarrh, a disorder of inflammation of the mucous membranes. It eventually brought on the bronchitis and pleurisy that killed him. He died in London on 14 March 1883. His family and friends in London buried his body in Highgate Cemetery on 17 March 1883. There were between nine to eleven mourners at his funeral. Marx's tombstone bears the carved message, Workers of the world unite, the final line of The Communist Manifesto.
5. The imperial robes of the Roman Emperors were purple trimmed in metallic gold thread. The badge of office of a Roman Senator was a stripe of purple on their white togas. Purple was continued in use by the emperors of the Eastern Roman Empire until its collapse in 1453. The shade of purple used on royal robes was Tyrian purple, named after the ancient people of Tyre. It was is the color of a dye extracted from a rare mollusk found on the shores of the city of Tyre in ancient Phoenicia (present day Lebanon).
6. Giuseppe Garibaldi (Joseph Marie Garibaldi in French) (1807-1882) was born in the French city of Nice. He became an Italian military and political figure. In his twenties, he joined the Carbonari Italian patriot revolutionaries but fled Italy after a failed insurrection. Garibaldi took part in the Civil Wars in both Brazil and Uruguay. During his stay in the United States, he is said to have become an American citizen. After his return to Italy, he was offered command of the Union forces by President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. He has been dubbed the "Hero of the Two Worlds" in tribute to his military activities in both South America and Europe. He is an Italian national hero because of his military efforts during the Italian unification period.
7. The capital of Brazil is Brasilia.
8. European Union national anthem is Anthem of Europe. The Ode to Joy (original German title: Ode an die Freude) is the anthem of both the European Union and the Council of Europe. The Ode to Joy is based on the final movement of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9 composed in 1823.
9. Joe DiMaggio (1914-1999) married Marilyn Monroe (1926-1962) on January 4, 1954. The couple eloped and married in San Francisco. DiMaggio's biographer Richard Ben Cramer asserted that their marriage was filled with "violence". Just 274 days after getting married, Marilyn Monroe filed for divorce on the grounds of mental cruelty.
10. Mystery plays are among the earliest types of European plays. The medieval mystery plays focused on Bible stories and were most frequently performed in churches. They were prevalent from the 10th to the 16th century, reaching the height of their popularity in the 15th century. They became obsolete with the rise of professional theatre. The name "mystery" in connection with these plays is itself a mystery. One possibility is that it could derive from the notion that the causes of miracles are a religious mystery. Another possibility is that the word "mystery" is derived from the Latin word "misterium" meaning "craft" because these plays were often sponsored and performed by medieval craft guilds. A remnant of the mystery play is the Passion Play, a liturgical drama which tells the story of Jesus' crucifixion. One of the most famous of these is performed every ten years in Oberammergau, Germany.
11. The painting, Declaration of Independence, is by John Trumbull (1756-1843). Trumbull did two copies of his painting. The larger oil-on-canvas painting is in the United States Capitol Rotunda in Washington, D.C. A smaller version of his work is owned by The Yale University Art Gallery in New Haven, Connecticut. Trumbull painted many of the figures in the picture from life and visited Independence Hall to depict accurately the chamber where the Continental Congress met. The work also appears on the reverse side of the two dollar bill.
12. Franklin Pierce (1804-1869) was the roommate of author Nathaniel Hawthorn (1804- 1864) when both attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine, in 1821. Pierce became the 14th President of the United States serving one term in office from 1853 to 1857. Hawthorn's most famous work, The Scarlet Letter, was published in 1850. He also wrote a biography of his friend, Franklin Pierce entitled The Life of Franklin Pierce.
13. The Brandenburg Gate (Brandenburger Tor) is a former city gate of Berlin, Germany. It is the only remaining gate of a series through which Berlin was once entered. The gate is the monumental entry to Unter den Linden, a boulevard of linden trees which formerly led directly to the palace of the Prussian monarchs. The gate was commissioned by King Frederick William II . Construction of the Brandenburg Gate took about 4 years, from 1788 to 1791.
14. The Brandenburg Concertos were written by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750). The original title of the works was Six Concerts à plusieurs instruments and they are a collection of six instrumental works presented by Bach to Christian Ludwig, the Margrave (hereditary nobleman with military responsibilities) of Brandenburg-Schwedt in 1721. They are widely regarded as among the finest musical compositions of the Baroque Era.
15. The Stonewall Riots were a series of spontaneous and violent demonstrations against a police raid that took place in the early morning of June 28, 1969, at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar, in Greenwich Village, New York City. The riots are frequently cited as the first instance in American history when people in the homosexual community fought back against a government-sponsored intimidation and persecution of sexual minorities. The Stonewall Riots have become generally recognized as the start of the gay pride movement in the United States and around the world.
16. The first Games held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee was hosted in the Panatheniac Stadium in Athens, Greece, in 1896. The games brought together 14 nations and 241 athletes who competed in 43 events. However, Evangelis Zappas, a wealthy Greek-Romanian philanthropist, wrote to King Otto of Greece in 1856 and offered to fund a permanent revival of the Olympic Games. Zappas sponsored the first Olympic Games in 1859 which were held in an Athens city square. Athletes participated from Greece and the Ottoman Empire. Zappas funded the restoration of the ancient Panathenaic Stadium so that it could host all future Olympic Games. The stadium hosted Olympics in 1870 and 1875. Thirty thousand spectators attended that games in 1870, but no official attendance figures are available for the 1875 games.
17. The Maldives (aka: The Republic of The Maldives and The Maldive Islands) is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. It is in the Laccadive Sea about 435 miles (700 kilometers) south-west of Sri Lanka (formerly known as Ceylon).
18. Erté (1892-1990) was a Russian-born French artist and designer. His actual name was Romain de Tirtoff but he chose the pseudonym known Erté, the French pronunciation of his initials, R.T. He became well known for the diversity of his talents in such fields as fashion, graphic arts, costume and jewelry design, set design and interior décor.
19. The world's first installed parking meter was in Oklahoma City on July 16, 1935. Holger George Thuesen and Gerald A. Hale, engineering professors at Oklahoma State, designed the first working parking meter, the Black Maria, between 1933 and 1935.
In 1960, New York City hired the first crew of women to read the meters and give tickets for violations. They became known as "meter maids". It was not until 1967 that the first man was hired. Previously, the job was done by the police.
20. The rings of Saturn consist of countless small particles, ranging in size from micro-meters to meters that form clumps that in turn orbit around the planet. The ring particles are made almost entirely of water ice with some dust contamination and other chemicals. Although reflection from the rings increases Saturn's brightness, they are not visible from Earth without a telescope. In 1610, Galileo became the very first person to observe Saturn's rings.