I dislike the term trivia. No knowledge is trivial. All information contributes to the whole of an intelligent human being. And, it is an essential part of critical thinking. That is why I did not call this a Trivia Quiz. Instead, I am calling it a Knowledge Quiz.
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Knowledge Quiz, No. 23
The answers are at the bottom.
1. Who invented the cell-phone?
2. What is the capital of Jordan?
3. Who was Mary Cassatt?
4. Who is the world's most read novelist?
5. Who created the first photograph?
6. What is Hadrian's Wall?
7. Whose final words were, Either this wallpaper goes, or I do?
8. What was The Ark of the Covenant?
9. Who was the first Prime Minister of India?
10. Who were the Anasazi ?
11. Who was Hammurabi ?
12. From what is tequila made?
13. What is a stent?
14. Who founded the French city of Marseilles?
15. What was the biggest boat-lift (evacuation by sea) in history?
16. Who painted the famous painting, The Potato Eaters?
17. What type vegetable is a pumpkin?
18. What is a bog?
19. Who invented bubble gum?
20. Who wrote the poem, Because I could not stop for death, he kindly stopped for me ?
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1. Although mobile phones and radio phones have a long and history going back to the Reginald Fessenden (1866-1932) ship-to-shore radio telephone in 1906, the modern hand-held cell phone has existed since 1973. It's inventor was Martin Cooper (1933- present), an American researcher working for Motorola. He is also the first person to make a public cell phone call. The call was made on April 3, 1973. Cooper has stated that watching Captain Kirk use his communicator on the television show, Star Trek, inspired him to develop the handheld mobile phone.
2. The capital of Jordan is Amman.
3. Mary Cassatt (1844 -1926) was a famous American Impressionist painter and printmaker. Cassatt often created images of women with particular emphasis on the bond between mother and child. Her paintings have sold for as much as 2.9 million dollars. In 1966, Cassatt's painting The Boating Party, was reproduced on a US postage stamp. And, in 1943 during World War 2 there was a Liberty Ship named after her, the SS Mary Cassatt.
4. It is mystery writer, Agatha Christie (1890-1976). Her 85 books are estimated to have sold between 2 billion and 4 billion copies. William Shakespeare (1564-1616) is the most read playwright and is also estimated to have sold between 2 billion and 4 billion copies or his 47+ plays.
5. The world's first known photograph was created by Frenchman Joseph Nicéphore Niépce (1765-1833) in 1825. The photo was created by using a daguerreotype, the first commercially successful photographic process. The process was developed by Frenchmen Louis Daguerre (1787-1851) and Niépce. The image was a direct positive (not from a negative) made in the camera on a silver plated copper plate. The surface of a daguerreotype was like a mirror, with the image made directly on the silvered surface. It was very fragile and could be rubbed off with a finger. Among Niépce's other inventions was the Pyréolophore, the world's first internal combustion engine. It was patented in1807.
6. Hadrian's Wall (Latin:Vallum Aelium ) was a defensive fortification in Roman occupied Britain. Begun in AD 122, during the rule of Emperor Hadrian, it was the first of two fortifications built across Great Britain. (The second is the less well-known Antonine Wall.) No one knows for sure why Hadrian's Wall was constructed but it was the most heavily fortified border in the Roman Empire. The wall was 80 Roman miles long (73 miles or120km) stretched the entire width of that portion of the British island. But, its width and height varies. A significant portion of the wall still exists, particularly the mid-section, and much of the length of the wall can be travelled on foot by using the Hadrian Wall Path. It is the most popular tourist attraction in northern England.
7. Either that wallpaper goes, or I do were the final words of novelist, essayist and playwright Oscar Wilde (1854-1900). Wilde died of cerebral meningitis in Paris on November 30, 1900. Wilde was initially buried in the Cimetière de Bagneux outside Paris, but in 1909 his remains were reburied in a specially-designed tomb inside the city of Paris at the Père Lachaise Cemetery.
8. The Ark of the Covenant (Ārōn Hāb’rīt or Aron Habrit) was a chest described containing the 2 stone tablets on which The Ten Commandments were inscribed. According to the Biblical Book of Exodus, the Ark was built at the command of God, in accordance with the instructions given to Moses on Mount Sinai. The Biblical account states that during the Israelites' exodus from Egypt, the Ark was carried by the priests some 2,000 cubits (a cubit is between 52.3 and 52.9 cm in length) in advance of the people and their army. According to the Biblical book1Kings 8:6-11, during the construction of King Solomon's Temple, a special inner room called Kodesh Hakodashim (Holy of Holies) was prepared to receive and house the Ark. When the Temple was dedicated, the Ark was placed in the room. In 586 BC, the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem and Solomon's Temple. There is no record of what became of the Ark. In addition, there are no ancient non- Biblical references to the Ark.
9. The first Prime Minister of India was Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964). He is often referred to as Panditji, (a recognized expert) Nehru was an Indian statesman who was not only the first but also and longest-serving Indian Prime Minister (1947–1964). One of the leading figures in the Indian Independence Movement during the 1930s and '40s, Nehru was elected by the Indian National Congress and re-elected when the Congress Party won India's first general election in 1952. Nehru contributed to the establishment of an Indian secular democracy. Today, India is the world's biggest democracy.
10. The Anasazi (aka: Ancient Pueblo People or Ancestral Pueblo Peoples) were an ancient Native American culture centered in the present-day "Four Corners" (where the states of Utah, Arizona, New Mexico and Colorado meet) region of the U.S. The Anasazi lived in undergrown structures and cliff-dwellings called pueblos designed so that they could lift up entry ladders during enemy attacks. Archaeologists referred to one of these cultural groups as the Anasazi, although the term is not preferred by contemporary Pueblo people. The word Anaasází is Navajo for "Ancient Ones" or "Ancient Enemy", and in general, the modern Pueblo people claim these ancient people as their ancestors.
11. Hammurabi (ʻAmmurāpi, "the kinsman is a healer") was the sixth king of Babylon and the first king of the Babylonian Empire from c.1792 BC to c.1750 BC. The date of his birth is unknown, but he died in c.1750BC. Although his empire controlled all of Mesopotamia at the time of his death, his successors were unable to maintain his empire. Hammurabi is known for the set of laws called Hammurabi's Code, one of the first written codes of law in history. The laws were inscribed on stone tablets (stelae) which stood over eight feet tall (2.4 meters) and were discovered in Persia (Iran) in 1901. Owing to his reputation in modern times as an ancient law-giver, a "picture or sculpture of Hammurabi's (although no one knows what he actually looked like) is in many government buildings throughout the world.
12. Tequila is made from the blue agave plant which grows primarily in the area surrounding the Mexican city of Tequila located in the highlands (Los Altos) of the western state of Jalisco. Tequila is most often made at a 38–40% alcohol content (76–80 proof). Mexican laws state that tequila can be produced only in the state of Jalisco and limited regions in the states of Guanajuato, Michoacan, Nayarit and Tumaulipas. Mexico has claimed the exclusive international right to the word "tequila" and threatens legal action against manufacturers in other countries.
13. A stent is an artificial 'tube' inserted into a natural passage or conduit in the human body. The function of a stent is to prevent or counteract a localized flow constriction caused by constriction or disease, or to allow a surgery to be performed.
14. Humans have inhabited Marseille and its environs for almost 30,000 years, but the modern city of Marseille, the oldest city in France, was founded by the Ancient Greeks as a outpost and trading port in 600BC. The original Greek name of the Mediterranean port city was Massalia. Today, Marseille is the second largest city in France with a population of 852,395.
15. It is a little known spontaneous heroic effort in New York City after the attack on 9/11. A flotilla of large boats and small rescued 500,000 persons off the Island of Manhattan in 9 hours. It was the largest sea evacuation in history, even bigger than the Dunkirk evacuation during World War II in which 350,000 persons were evacuated during a 14 day period.
(If you want to see a brief video narrated by Tom Hanks concerning the event, it is at: http://www.road2resilience.com/video-boatlift-a-911-tale-of-resilience/ )
16. The Potato Eaters ( in Dutch: De Aardappeleters) is a painting by the Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh. He painted it in April 1885 while in Nuenen, Netherlands. Van Gogh stated that he wanted to depict peasants as they really were. So, he deliberately chose coarse and ugly models, thinking that they would be natural and unspoiled. The painting is in the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.
17. A pumpkin is a type of squash and is native to North America. Pumpkins typically have a thick orange or yellow shell creased from the stem to the bottom. Technically, it is of the genus Cucurbita and the family Cucurbitaceae which also includes gourds.
18. A bog is a wetland that accumulates acidic peat, a deposit of dead plants material. Bogs occur where the water at the ground surface is acidic. Water flowing out of bogs has a characteristic brown color because of the plant matter it contains. Bogs are extremely sensitive habitats and of importance for biodiversity.
19. Walter Diemer (1904-1998) invented bubble gum in 1928. Diemer worked as an accountant for the Fleer Chewing Gum Company in Philadelphia and in his spare time experimented with new gum recipes. He accidently created a batch of gum that was less sticky than regular chewing gum and had the ability to stretched more easily. Fleer marketed Diemer's creation under the name Double Bubble and Diemer himself taught Fleer salesmen how to blow bubbles using his creation. Diemer's bubble gum was so successful that it sold over a million and a half dollars worth of gum in the first year. Walter Diemer never patented his invention so he never received royalties for his invention. His wife said that he didn't seem to mind and that knowing what he'd created was reward enough for him.
20. The poem, Because I could not stop for death, he kindly stopped for me,was written by Emily Dickinson (1830-1886). It is a lyric poem and was first published posthumously in Poems: Series 1 in 1890. The poem is about death. Dickinson personifies Death as a gentleman caller who takes a leisurely carriage ride with the poet to her grave. The poem is printed below:
Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The carriage held but just ourselves
We slowly drove, he knew no haste,
And I had put away
My labor, and my leisure too,
For his civility.
We passed the school, where children strove
At recess, in the ring;
We passed the fields of gazing grain,
We passed the setting sun.
Or rather, he passed us;
The dews grew quivering and chill,
For only gossamer my gown,
My tippet only tulle.
We paused before a house that seemed
A swelling of the ground;
The roof was scarcely visible,
The cornice but a mound.
Since then 'tis centuries, and yet each
Feels shorter than the day
I first surmised the horses' heads
Were toward eternity.