The official name of Cuba is the Republic of Cuba.
Cuba is the largest of all islands in the Caribbean. The main island of Cuba is often referred to as Cuba, but its actual name is Isla de la Juventud (Isle of Youth).
Cuba also includes more than 4000 other much smaller islands and cays.
From the air, the island of Cuba resembles a crocodile or alligator and so Cuba is often referred to in Spanish as "El Cocodrilo" or "El Caimá".
Before the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, Cuba was receiving subsidies worth $4-$6 billion a year.
Sugar from sugar cane is the main crop grown in Cuba, followed by tobacco which is used in the making of hand-crafted cigars that are famous for being the finest cigars in the world.
Nickel is Cuba's most important mineral resource at 21% of total exports in 2011 nearly 4% of the world's production.
In a traditional Cuban meal the food is not served in courses. Instead, all the food is served at the same time.
Baseball is the most popular sport in Cuba. The country is also dominant in boxing and has produced a number of Olympic boxing champions. Other sports of interest include basketball, volleyball, cricket, football (soccer) and athletics.
The game of dominoes is also extremely popular in Cuba.
As of 2013 Cuba has 9 sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list, 7 of these cultural sites and 2 of them natural.