An assiduous politician, Christina was able to keep the bitter class rivalries that broke out after the from lapsing into civil war but was unable to solve the desperate financial problems caused by the long years of fighting.
Sunday, July 10, 2016
The Story of a Queen
Queen Christina of Sweden
ChristinaSwedish: was born on December, in , Sweden, and died on , in , Italy. She was queen of from 1644 and 1654 and stunned all Europe by abdicating her throne. She subsequently attempted, without success, to gain the crowns of Naples and of . One of the wittiest and most learned women of her age, Christina is best remembered for her lavish sponsorship of and her influence on European culture.
King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden
Pope Alexander VII
Pope Clement IX
Christina’s extraordinary taste in the arts has influenced European culture since her time. Her palace, the Riario (now the , on the Lungara in Rome), contained the greatest collection of paintings of the Venetian school ever assembled, as well as other notable paintings, sculpture, and medallions. It became the meeting place of men of letters and musicians. The Arcadia Academy () for philosophy and literature, which she founded, still exists in Rome. It was at her instigation that the Tordinona, the first public opera house in Rome, was opened, and it was she who recognized the genius of and sponsored the composer , who became her choirmaster, and , who directed her orchestra. The sculptor and architect , her friend, considered her his savior when she commissioned the art historian Filippo Baldinucci to write his biography while he was being discredited in 1680. Her enormous collection of books and manuscripts is now in the Vatican library. She was renowned, too, for her militant protection of personal freedoms, for her charities, and as protectress of the Jews in Rome.
The Corsini on the Lugara in Rome
Christina died in 1689. Her tomb is in St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
The Tomb of Queen Christina