The word 'critical" has three meanings which are dangerous, important, and disapproving. The purpose of this blog is to examine important or over-looked cultural, political, artistic, or historical issues of our time. Also, this blog is intended to be educational.
Tuesday, November 15, 2016
Facts about The Episcopal Church of The United States
Anglican Church originated when King Henry VIII split from the Roman Catholic
Church in 1534, when the pope refused to grant the king an annulment. However, while the official Church of England came to fruition in
the sixteenth century, Christianity existed in the British Isles since the
second century and likely earlier. For more than 500 years, residents of the
British Isles practiced a particular expression of Christian worship, broadly
called Celtic Christianity (which isn’t an exact term). When the Roman practice
of the faith became official in the seventh century, the deep roots of
centuries of faith were not abandoned or eradicated. So eventually, when the
particular blend of Protestantism and Roman Catholicism became official under Queen Elizabeth I, Anglicanism’s ancient middle way finally had room to bloom and
The Anglican Communion
represents over 85 million people in over 165 countries.
More than half of the
members of the Anglican Communion live in Africa.
The churches of the Anglican
Communion are bound together by similar liturgies based on the English
Book of Common Prayer.
TheEpiscopal Church follows the via media or
"middle way" betweenProtestant and Roman Catholic doctrine and practices:
that is both Catholic and Reformed. Although many Episcopalians identify
with this concept, those whose convictions lean toward either evangelicalism or
Anglo-Catholicism may not.
The liturgies of the
Episcopal Church are similar to that of the Catholic Church, so much so that
the Episcopal Church is sometimes referred as "Catholic light".
Unlike Catholic priests, Episcopal priests can get married.
The Archbishop of Canterbury is viewed as the spiritual
leader of the Anglican Community, but is not viewed as being the
"pope" of the Anglican Communion. The Archbishop cannot reverse
decisions made by a national church.
5, 2003 - The
Episcopal Church USA, at its meeting for its General Convention in Minneapolis,
votes to ordain openly gay Gene Robinson as bishop of New Hampshire.
Bishop Gene Robinson
August 8, 2003 - The Archbishop of
Canterbury invites 38 church leaders to the October 2003 Primates meeting in
response to the "recent General Convention of the Episcopal Church USA and
events in Canada and England."
October 7, 2003 - Over 2,000 clergy and
parishioners meet in Plano, Texas, to consider splitting from the Episcopal
October 15-16, 2003 - The leaders of the
Anglican Episcopal Church meet in London to discuss the Episcopal Church USA's
vote to ordain an openly homosexual bishop.
October 17, 2003 - The U.S. Episcopal
Church will risk a break with the Anglican Church if it allows the consecration
of an openly gay bishop in its New Hampshire diocese, says the
president of the American Anglican Church. Rev. Canon David Anderson said the
diocese's decision to go forward with the consecration - after Anglican
primates released a statement saying they "deeply regret" such an
action - was unfortunate.
January 20, 2004 - A group of dissident
Episcopal church members meeting in Texas approve a charter for a new protest
organization challenging the authority of the Episcopal Church. The aim of the
Network of Anglican Communion Dioceses and Parishes is "to stand within
the (Episcopal) constitution and reclaim the Episcopal Church," the
group's leader says. Under the charter, organizers said bishops would have the
authority to "minister" and provide sacraments to any parish in the
United States without the permission of the presiding bishop, something which
is normally required.
March 7, 2004 - Robinson officially
takes over as Bishop of New Hampshire with his investiture ceremony.
October 18, 2004 - An Anglican church
commission calls on the U.S. Episcopal Church to apologize and refrain from
promoting clergy living in a same-sex union.
February 20-25, 2005 - The Anglican
Communion's primates meet in Newry, Northern Ireland. On February 24th, they
issue a statement asking the Episcopal Church USA and the Anglican Church of
Canada to withdraw from the Anglican Consultative Council, a key governing
body, until the Lambeth Conference in 2008.
June 21, 2006 - During its convention
in Columbus, Ohio, the Episcopal Church approves a resolution calling on church
leaders involved in picking bishops "to exercise restraint by not
consenting to the consecration of any candidate ... whose manner of life
presents a challenge to the wider church and will lead to further strains on
November 4, 2006 - The Right Reverend
Katharine Jefferts Schori, Bishop of Nevada, is installed as presiding bishop,
elected to a nine-year term becoming the first female to head the Episcopal
Right Reverend Katharine Jefferts Schori
December 17, 2006 - Eight conservative
Episcopal congregations in Virginia announce their plans to leave the US
December 3, 2008 - At a meeting in Wheaton,
Illinois, leaders of the new Anglican Church in North America announce they
have formed a new province and drafted a new constitution for their church. The
new church will have about 100,000 members.
April 16, 2009 - The conservative Episcopal
congregations officially separate from the Episcopal church and form the
Anglican Church of North America. It is now fully recognized as part of the
global Anglican community.
May 15, 2010 - Mary Glasspool is
consecrated as a suffragan bishop, the second openly gay person to be ordained
as a bishop in the Episcopal church.
July 11, 2012 - The Episcopal Church
approves same-sex blessing service called "The Witnessing and Blessing of
a Lifelong Covenant." The church becomes the largest U.S. denomination to
officially approve same-sex relationships.
November 9, 2012 - Bishop Justin Welby,
a former oil executive, is confirmed as the next archbishop of Canterbury. He
is considered an outspoken critic of the excesses of capitalism, a supporter of
women bishops and an opponent of gay marriage.
March 21, 2013 - Bishop Welby is
enthroned as the 105th Archbishop of Canterbury.
Bishop Justin Welby,
September 23, 2014 - Presiding Right
Reverend Bishop Katherine Jefferts Schori announces she will not seek
February 4, 2015 - Cook is indicted on
additional charges including negligent driving, drunk driving, and texting
while driving, all stemming from the fatal crash where she killed bicyclist Tom
November 1, 2015 - Right Reverend Michael
Bruce Curry, Bishop of North Carolina, is installed as presiding bishop. He is
the first African-American to lead the Episcopal Church.
Right Reverend Michael Bruce Curry
Some Episcopal Churches and Cathedrals in the U.S.