Butterflies belong to the Lepidoptera class of insects which are characterized by their large scaly wings.
The Cabbage White specie of butterfly is the most commonly found in the US. While they are called Cabbage White, they are characterized by their two black markings at the top of their wings.
Monarch butterflies are the only insect in the whole world that travels over 2,500 miles on average every winter. However, while the Monarch is the only butterfly to cover this wide a distance, many butterfly species flee weather conditions in the winter, such as the Clouded Skipper, Red Admiral, Cloudless Sulfur and American Lady just to name a few.
The North American Monarch is one of the species that has been the most severely impacted by recent climate changes, with their numbers seeing dips and spikes over the last few years.
Butterflies don’t taste with taste buds, but rather sensors located under their feet.
A group of butterflies is known as a flutter.
Butterflies can see beyond the ultraviolet spectrum and their eyes consist of a network of 6000 lenses.
Adult butterflies do not excrete waste at all. As a matter of fact, many adult butterflies use everything they eat as energy.
Contrarily to popular perception, the wings of butterflies are totally clear and the colors we see are the effect of light reflecting on the tiny scales covering them.
The wings of butterflies move in a figure 8 motion.
Butterflies can vary greatly in size. The biggest butterfly specie has a 12 inch wingspan, while the smallest ever recorded only covers half an inch.
Butterflies are cold blooded creatures for the most part.
Some butterfly species are extremely fast. As a matter of fact, the Skipper Butterfly can fly faster than a horse can run.
Butterflies have long tongues that are shaped like tubes that gives them the ability to soak up food instead of sipping it.
Male butterflies engage in what is called “puddling”. In fact, many male butterflies get nourishment by drinking water from mud puddles, which allows them to extract much needed minerals.
Some species of butterflies drink blood coming from open wounds of other animals.
Many scientists thought butterflies were completely deaf until they first identified butterfly ears in 2012.
The Common Buckeye Butterfly is considered as one of the most striking species of butterflies with its wide upper wing bars and big, multicolored eyespots.
The Giant Swallowtail Butterfly is one of the biggest butterfly species on the planet, with wings spanning from 4 to 7 inches.
Many butterfly species are polymorphic and have the ability to blend in with their surrounding environment.
Butterflies cannot fly if the air temperature falls under 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Because butterflies are cold blooded, they can regulate their body temperature, which renders them completely immobile in cold weather.