Saturday, March 4, 2017

Facts About Ethiopia

The flag of Ethiopia
Ethiopia, which formally referred to as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, is a nation situated in North Africa (northeastern Africa, to be specific). It is bordered by Kenya, Eritrea, Sudan, Djibouti, Somalia and South Sudan. It’s the second-most crowded nation in Africa.
Ethiopia, in the Horn of Africa, is a rugged, landlocked country split by the Great Rift Valley. With archaeological finds dating back more than 3 million years, it’s a place of ancient culture. Among its important sites are Lalibela with its rock-cut Christian churches from the 12th–13th centuries. Aksum is the ruins of an ancient city with obelisks, tombs, castles and Our Lady Mary of Zion church.
The capital of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa.
Addis Ababa
Aksum was previously the capital of Ethiopia.
The population of Ethiopia is 94.1 million (2013).
The Ethiopian currency is Ethiopian birr.
The official language of Ethiopia is Amharic.
The current president is Mulatu Teshome.
Mulatu Teshome
Ethiopians have one of the lowest life expectancies in the world. Current figures estimate that women can expect to live for about 50 years, and men for about 48 years.
The name “Ethiopia” originates from the Greek words aitho (I burn) and ops (face), which together signify “scorched faces.”
Ethiopia is the only nation in Africa that was never colonized.
Ethiopia needed to overcome Italian forces twice to stay free.
Ethiopia is among the oldest countries on the planethaving been established in 980 B.C.
It is illegal in Ethiopia for a boy or a girl to get married before the age of 18. However, this rule is seldom enforced.
In Ethiopia, two out of every five girls are married before their 18th birthday, and nearly one out of five girls marries before the age of 15.
In addition, 80% of Ethiopian women have experienced female genital mutilation/cutting.
female genital mutilation
Ethiopians tradition see having twins as “mingi” - an indication of misfortune. It is believed that twins might be reviled or welcome insidious spirits.
Ethiopians celebrate their new year on September 11. They call it Enkutatash.
Ethiopia is the only country in the world to have 13 months in a year.
Ethiopia is also home to a population that speaks more than 80 different languages.
Ethiopia and Russia are the two countries in the world to have never been occupied.
The oldest fossil skeleton of a human was found in Ethiopia. It is over three million years old.
Ethiopia is also the tenth-largest country in Africa.
Children in Ethiopia take their father’s first name as their last name. They (parents and children) do not share their last name.
In Ethiopia, it is considered impolite to refuse a cup of coffee.
If ever visit to Ethiopia, you can also experience the great taste of their homemade wine made from honey and a shrub – gesho.
Coffee was accidentally discovered in Ethiopia when a goat herder found his flock running restlessly after eating the coffee plant.
Ethiopian coffee
The Great Rift Valley slices through Ethiopia from the upper-eastern portion of the nation to the south, and is the main physical element of Africa that is unmistakable from space.
Ethiopia's Great Rift Valley
Donkeys and camels were first trained for riding in Ethiopia.
At 75-feet (23 m) high, the Ethiopian Aksum Obelisk has windows and entryways, and is often referred to  as the world’s first high rise.
The Ethiopian Aksum Obelisk 
Aksum, in Ethiopia, is known as the last resting place of  Biblical Ark of the Covenant, the mid-section of which contains The Ten Commandments which God gave to Moses.
The Ark of the Covenant
Ethiopian distance runner Abebe Bikila won the gold medal in the Olympic Marathon in 1960, running the race barefoot. He won the race again in Tokyo four years later, becoming the only individual to win the race twice, setting a world record.
Abebe Bikila
Ethiopia’s national dish is called “wat.” Ethiopians like to eat this fiery stew with injera, a level, light bread. Suppers are delighted in by detaching a bit of injera and utilizing it to gather up a bit of wat. Wat can be made with chicken (doro wat), meat (sega wat), sheep, vegetables and prepared with berbere, a blend of flavors, and niter kibbeh, a cleared-up spread. It might likewise be finished off with hard boiled eggs.
Ethiopia is home to the well-known sacred city of Lalibela. About the greater part of the city’s occupants are of Ethiopian Orthodox confidence, and its populace tops amid times of religious journey. On account of its notorious solid holy places cut into shape, Lalibela is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. 

Lalibela isn’t the only “must-see” destination in Ethiopia. The nation has earned the distinction of being one of the countries with the greatest number (nine) of UNESCO World Heritage Site. A majority of these are mosques, antiquated ruins and stunning scenes.
There are upwards of 84 dialects spoken in Ethiopia. Despite the fact that the official dialect is Amharic, numerous Ethiopians talk a neighborhood dialect.
Ethiopia is also thought to be the world’s first Christian state.
                                                            An Ornate Ethiopian Cross

                                                     Ethiopean Orthodox Church Clergy
Italy was defeated twice when it attempted to invade Ethiopia.
Apart from Arabs, Ethiopians are the only people to have indigenously written alphabets.
Ethiopian Captain Aster Tolossa is allegedly the first female pilot to shoot down an enemy airplane.
Ethiopia is also known as the “Horn of Africa.”
In earlier times, Ethiopia was known as Abyssinia.
The instance of first Hijra in Islam happened in Ethiopia when the Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) sent approximately 80 people, including his daughter, to Ethiopia.
Today, almost 35% of the population of Ethiopia is Muslim.
Candace is the name given to the old rulers who administered Ethiopia. It is sometimes spelled “Kandake” or “Kentake.”
Ethiopia’s Axumite and Dahamat civilizations are amongst the world’s most ancient.
Adidis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, is also the world’s fourth-highest capital city.
                                               The Lion of Judah statue in Adidis Ababa

The traditional homes were hovels called tukuls. The floor is soil, while the dividers are sticks and mud and the roof is produced using Tef, a long grass.
The eating of any animal products on Wednesdays and Fridays is prohibited in Ethiopia.
The largest lake in Ethiopia, Lake Tana, is also the source of the Blue Nile River.
Lake Tana
The Blue Nile (a waterfall on the river)
Packed with stands offering everything from extraordinary leafy foods and beans to electronic products and traditional specialties, the Addis Ababa Mercato is Africa’s biggest outdoor market. Situated in the heart of Ethiopia’s capital city, this is the primary destination for privately made products and harvested foods.
Haile Selassie I, Ethiopia’s previous Emperor, is at the core of the Rastafari movement and lifestyle. He is perceived as God incarnate, or being both heavenly and human by adherents of the Rasta culture.
                                                                      Haile Selassie I
Inspired by the “moving” of snakes, traditional Ethiopian dance is particularly special.
Ethiopia is the originator of espresso.
Ethiopia maybe the originator of mankind. Home to fossils going back a number of years, Ethiopia is viewed as the birthplace of progress. It is Africa’s most established state and home to humankind’s oldest skeletons.
Ethiopia checks its time on the inverse rotation of its clock. Six PM would be twelve and twelve would be six AM.
The Ethiopian datebook has 13 months. The schedule is eight years behind the Western time table. The months are typically 30 days in length, yet the most recent month has 5 or 6 days. September eleventh is recognized as the first day of the New Year.
Ethiopia is the nation where espresso was initially found. Henceforth, it is viewed as espresso’s country. It was initially seen by a shepherd named Kaldi, whose goats started pacing fretfully in the wake of eating the plant. The word espresso itself is considered acquired from the southern Ethiopian grounds of Kaffa.
There are a considerable number of temples in Ethiopia giving Ethiopia a conspicuous place in the world and in Christian history.
                                                             An Old Ethiopian Church
Ethiopia has been specified in the Koran. It is additionally worth noting that it was mentioned in the Iliad and Odyssey.
Ethiopia likewise happens to be the principal nation where Muslim requests to God were held outside Arabia.
Al Nejashi is the principal mosque established outside the Arabian peninsula.
                                                                    Al Nejashi Mosque
Ethiopia was the nation in which Mohammed (the prophet of Islam) and his supporters discovered comfort when they were mistreated.
Ethiopia is one of the nations that has not been defeated in an attack. Italy was vanquished twice in its attempts to do so. The nation was the first to join the League of Nations, which soon ended up being detrimental. The countries fitting in with this class would be given backing known as “aggregate backing.” At the point when mass murders and ethnic purging happened in Ethiopia, the others simply didn’t help out.
Emperor Haile Selassie asserted that the people of Africa ought to join together and form a singular race. This prompted the introduction of Pan Africanism. This idea emerged to become what is known as the African Union today.
Addis Ababa is the highest city in Africa. Visitors are often surprised to learn that the city is much cooler in temperature than other African cities.
Ethiopia is also sometimes referred as “the roof of Africa” as more than 70% of Africa’s mountains are found in Ethiopia.

                                  The People of Ethiopia

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