Toni Morrison (aka: Chloe Ardelia Wofford; born: 1931) is an American novelist, editor, and professor. Her novels are known for their epic themes, vivid dialogue, and richly detailed characters. Among her best known novels are Beloved, Sula and Song of Solomon. In addition to her novels, she has written short fiction, co-authored children's books, and written a libretto for an opera. She won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1993 and The Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1987. In 2012, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama
2. Marriage is the greatest gamble. - Dean Atcheson.
Dean Gooderham Acheson (1893-1971) was an American statesman and lawyer. He was the U.S. Secretary of State from 1949 to 1953 during the Presidency of Harry S. Truman and he played a central role in defining American foreign policy during the Cold War. Acheson helped design the Marshall Plan for European reconstruction after World War II and played a role in the development of both the Truman Doctrine and the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). His most famous decision was convincing President Truman to intervene in the Korean War in June 1950. In 1968, he counseled President Lyndon Johnson to negotiate for peace with North Vietnam and during the Cuban Missile Crisis, President John Kennedy called upon Acheson for advice.
3. A civilization which leaves so large a number of its participants unsatisfied and drives them into revolt neither has nor deserves the prospect of a lasting existence - Sigmund Freud.
Sigmund Freud (aka: Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 1856 -1939), was an Austrian neurologist who created psychoanalysis. Although Freud's family and ancestry were Jewish and he always considered himself a Jew, he rejected Judaism and had a very critical view of religion in general. As a student, he was interested in philosophy but he later became a neurological researcher . Freud went on to develop theories about the unconscious mind, repression, dreams and sexuality. Though psychoanalysis has declined as a therapeutic practice, it has helped inspire the development of many other forms of psychotherapy, some diverging from Freud's original ideas and approach. Freud was also a prolific essayist, drawing on psychoanalysis to contribute to the interpretation and the criticism of culture.
4. Great abundance of riches cannot be gathered and kept by any man without sin. - Desiderius Erasmus
Jane Austen (1775-1817) was an English novelist. Her works of romantic fiction set among the landed gentry have earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. She is noted for her realism and biting social commentary. Austen was educated primarily by her father and older brothers as well as through her own reading. The steadfast support of her family was critical to her development as a professional writer. Her artistic apprenticeship lasted from her teenage years into her thirties. During this period, she wrote and extensively revised three major novels and began a fourth. From 1811 until 1816, with the release of Sense and Sensibility (1811), Pride and Prejudice (1813), Mansfield Park (1814) and Emma (1816), she achieved success as a female author. She wrote two additional novels, Northanger Abbey and Persuasion both of which were published posthumously in 1818.
Jon Stewart (aka: Jonathan Stuart Leibowitz; born:1962) is an American political satirist, writer, television host, media critic, stand-up comedian and actor. He is widely known in America as host of The Daily Show, a satirical news program. He has hosted the television show since 1999 and is also. a writer and co-executive-producer of the show. The Daily Show has gained wide popularity, critical acclaim, and has resulted in his receiving sixteen television Emmy Awards. The Daily Show has also been nominated for news and journalism awards. Stewart has co-authored two books, America (The Book): A Citizen's Guide to Democracy In Action (2004), and Earth (The Book): A Visitor's Guide to the Human Race (2010).
8. A toothache, or a violent passion, is not necessarily diminished by our knowledge of its causes, its character, its importance or insignificance. - T. S. Eliot
Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888 -1965) was a publisher, playwright, literary and social critic and one of the most important English-language poet of the 20th century. Although he was born in the U.S.A, he moved to the United Kingdom in 1914, and he became a naturalized British subject in 1927. His most famous poem is The Love Song of J. Alfred Prurock, which he started in 1910 and was published in 1915. It was followed by Gerontion (1920), The Waste Land (1922), The Hollow Men (1925), Ash Wednesday (1930) and Four Quartets (1945). He is also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948.
9. Cleverness is not wisdom. - Euripides
Euripides (c480-406 BC) was one of great tragedians of Ancient Greece. Some ancient scholars attributed between 92 and 95 plays to him. Of these, at least eighteen complete plays have survived. Euripides is identified with theatrical innovations that have profoundly influenced drama down to modern times, especially in the representation of traditional, mythical heroes as ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances. This new approach led him to pioneer developments that later writers adapted to comedy, some of which are characteristic of romance. Yet, he was also one of the most tragic poets and playwrights because he focused on the inner lives and motives of his characters in a way previously unknown. He was also unique among the writers of ancient Athens for the sympathy he demonstrated towards all victims of society, including women. His conservative male audiences were frequently shocked by the "heresies" he put into the mouths of characters. Among his greatest plays are Medea, The Trojan Women, Orestes, The Suppliants and Bacchae.
10. A little learning is a dangerous thing, but we must take that risk because a little is as much as our biggest heads can hold. - George Bernard Shaw
George Bernard Shaw (1856 - 1950) was an Irish playwright and a co-founder of the London School of Economics. He wrote more than 60 plays. Nearly all his writings address prevailing social problems, but also contained a great deal of comedy. He examined such themes as education, marriage, religion, government, health care, and class privilege. Shaw was most angered by what he perceived as the exploitation of the working class. An ardent socialist, Shaw wrote many brochures and delivered many speeches for the Fabian Society. He became an accomplished orator in the furtherance of its causes, which included gaining equal rights for men and women, alleviating abuses of the working class, rescinding private ownership of productive land, and promoting healthy lifestyles. He is the only person to have been awarded both the Nobel Prize for Literature (1925) and an Oscar (1938). The Oscar was for his adaptation for the screen of his play, Pygmalion. His most famous plays are Major Barbara (1905), Arms and the Man (1894), Man and Superman (1902-3), Caesar and Cleopatra (1898), The Devil's Disciple (1897), Mrs. Warren's Profession (1893), Saint Joan (1923), and Pygmalion (1912-13) which was later produced as the 1956 musical by Lerner and Lowe, My Fair Lady.